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10 Hillary Clinton White House Bid Facts - WMNews Ep. 23

VO: Rebecca Brayton
Script written by Angela Fafard This attorney, politician and wife of former American president Bill Clinton was also the first Democrat nominee to announce her candidacy for the U.S. presidential election of 2016. Welcome to WatchMojo News, the weekly series from that breaks down news stories that might be on your radar. In this instalment, we’re counting down 10 crucial facts you should know about Hillary Clinton and the 2016 US Presidential Election.

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Script written by Angela Fafard

10 Hillary Clinton and the US Presidential Election Facts - WMNews Ep. 23

#10: Who Is Hillary Rodham Clinton?
The Lawyer

Hillary Rodham Clinton is a former New York senator, former First Lady of the United States, an American lawyer, former United States Secretary of State, and a 2016 democratic presidential candidate. Born in 1947 in Chicago, Illinois to a politically conservative family, Clinton spent her youth volunteering in various Republican campaigns. She eventually became president of the Young Republicans, an organization at Wellesley College, where she majored in Political Science. It was during this time that her political ideologies changed and after graduating from college, she went on to study and graduate from Yale Law School. During this same time, Clinton began dating fellow student and future husband, Bill Clinton. Hillary later moved to Arkansas to be with him, and it was there that she would become the first full female partner at the prestigious Rose Law Firm, while her husband was Governor of Arkansas.

#9: Who Is Hillary Rodham Clinton: Part II?
The First Lady

Hillary Clinton became First Lady of the United States after the successful election of her husband as President of the United States, assuming the title when he took office in January 1993. During her tenure, Clinton played a key role in the White House, as she was involved in multiple high-level appointments and matters of public policy, including the passage of the State Children’s Health Insurance Program in 1997. Prior to that, in 1993, Clinton was appointed head of a task force to oversee the reform of the national healthcare system. The Clinton Health Care plan would require employers to provide health insurance to their employees. It soon became derisively known as “Hillarycare” as fierce opponents of the plan eventually blocked its passage in the House and Senate. According to Hillary Clinton, her greatest accomplishment as First Lady was the role she played in the passing of the 1997 Adoption and Safe Families Act. The ASFA attempted to enable easier adoption of children with special needs while also putting the welfare of children first.

#8: Has She Run for President Before?
The 2008 Campaign

Amid growing speculation, Clinton announced her bid for the 2008 presidential election on January 20th, 2007. Seeking nomination of the Democratic Party, Clinton would have become the first woman ever to win a major party nomination in U.S. history had she won. Following the launch of her campaign, Clinton quickly became the front-runner in all major polls by a substantial margin, until Senator Barack Obama closed the ranks. On June 7th, 2008, after Barack Obama had become the presumptive Democratic nominee, Clinton suspended her campaign and swiftly endorsed him. Unfortunately, her political campaign was accused of a host of finance irregularities, and only managed to finish paying off the debt at the beginning of 2013.

#7: What Are the Presidential Primaries?
The Party Nomination

The presidential primaries are the process by which the various political parties choose their nominee for the president. Depending on state procedures, the different primary elections and caucuses narrow the pool of nominees and ultimately determine the party nominee. These are used as part of an indirect election process that determines the number of delegates that will be able to vote for the presidential nominee at the party’s national convention. In addition to electing the party’s choice for President, the national convention, which is held every four years, outlines the platform on which they will run. Campaigning for the National Convention, and by extension for President, typically begins the year before the first primary in New Hampshire and thus about two years before the presidential election.

#6: What Is a Presidential Election?
The Ultimate Race

A year of campaigning for the presidential election begins once the various political parties have each chosen their nominees at their respective National Conventions. These elections are typically held towards the end of the current President’s four-year term, when the population casts their votes to elect the next President and the Vice President. In order to qualify for the position, a presidential nominee must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, a minimum of 35 years of age and a resident of the United States for at least 14 years.

#5: What Is Hillary Clinton’s Campaign Based On?
The Issues

Hillary Clinton’s platform agenda will only be announced if she becomes the Democrat Party’s Presidential nominee in 2016. That being said, Clinton’s 2008 presidential bid and her time spent in the White House while serving as First Lady and Secretary of State give serious indications as to what her platform might entail. Following the announcement of her candidacy, Clinton visited several states that suggested she will be focusing on the middle class, and her campaign will most likely address issues such as increasing the minimum wage and reducing economic inequality. Furthermore, analysts have speculated that her platform will closely follow the student and immigration reforms of fellow democrat, President Barack Obama.

#4: What Are Her Qualifications?
The Secretary of State

Clinton has had a long and illustrious political career so far, dating back to her days interning at an Oakland, California law firm where she worked on child custody cases in particular. She served as First Lady during her husband’s two terms in office from 1993-2001, working on health care reform and other policy initiatives. In 2000, Clinton was elected to the senate representing the state of New York and served two terms, during which she opposed the Iraq Troop surge of 2007 and advocated the proposed bailout of the United States financial system. Following her defeat in the 2008 primaries and the subsequent election of President Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton became his Secretary of State for his first term. As Secretary of State, she gained experience in foreign relations, among them, spearheading U.S.-led missions regarding the Arab Springs protests, the raid in Pakistan against Osama bin Laden and a historic visit to Burma. A few other incidents of note regarding her time as Secretary of State include her taking responsibility for security lapses following the 2012 Benghazi attack and her use of a private email server for business and the subsequent deletion of those emails. After deciding not to return for a second term, she has since been the subject of backlash for the massive fees she received to speak at various venues, like colleges and universities.

#3: Who Are Her Supporters?
The Super-PACS

Entering the political fray as the Democrat’s front-runner, Clinton must rebuild her support base as she launches her campaign, in what could be her final bid for the White House. According to a CBS News poll conducted in early 2015, eighty one percent of Democrats would consider voting for Hillary Clinton in the primary. Clinton’s aides are hoping to set campaign donation records, with some estimating that total donations by Election Day could tally $1 billion. The main supporters of Hillary’s campaign for presidency are lawyers, Wall Street banks, labor unions, Democratic hedge fund managers, women’s groups and fundraising groups known as super-PACs which are dedicated to an individual candidate. These political action committees are campaign contributors that fall in line with her core principles and political background.

#2: Who Are Her Likely Opponents?
The Republicans

Hillary is the first Democrat to publicly announce her presidential campaign for 2016. Democrat analysts believe that the four main nominee contenders will be Martin O’Malley, Jim Webb, Bernie Sanders and Lincoln Chafee (chay-fee). All five potential candidates have vastly different ideologies, levels of campaign preparedness, and political experience. If Hillary was to become the Democrat Nominee in 2016, she would face off in the race to the White House against the Republican opponent. As of early April 2015, three candidates had confirmed their interest in that spot: Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio and Rand Paul. Other potential opponents that had yet to officially launch their presidential campaigns by the time Clinton had announced include Jeb Bush, Rick Perry and Rick Santorum.

#1: Will Hillary Clinton Become President?
The Future

As the first democratic candidate out of the gate, Clinton enjoyed a sizable boost in the polls as of early April 2015. Her 2016 campaign is light years away from her 2008 campaign, which saw her launching to the presumptive tune of “I’m in. And I’m in to win.” This time Clinton announced her campaign with a minute and a half long video with a simple message “Everyday Americans need a champion and I want to be that champion.” As such, her illustrious career as a politician and lawyer, her impressive campaigning drive, coupled with her famous last name will certainly turn the 2016 political landscape into a formidable race.

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