Calendar Days: United States Flag Day History

VOICE OVER: Rebecca Brayton
The stars and stripes of the American flag are important icons of the United States. The flag led every battle the country has fought, and is so important many Americans pledge their allegiance to it to commemorate their loyalty to their country. The U.S. flag stands proudly on the surface of the moon, in commemoration of the U.S. moon landing in 1969. Because of these and many more reasons, the United States celebrates Flag Day on June 14th every year. In this video, learns more about the history and origins of Flag Day in the United States. Be sure to check the site for more videos on American history!

The History of Flag Day in the United States

Flag Day is a day for all Americans to celebrate and honor their flag, its makers and designers. The American flag is representative of the independence and unity of the country: “one nation under god, indivisible.”

A Proud History

The American Flag has a proud and glorious history. It was at the lead of every battle fought by Americans, and many have died protecting it. It even stands proudly on the surface of the moon. Americans pledge allegiance to their flag as a promise of loyalty and devotion to their nation.

Establishment of a New Flag

Flag Day is always celebrated on June 14th, because it was on that day in 1777 that the Second Continental Congress passed an act establishing an official flag for the new nation. The resolution ordered that the flag of the United States was made of 13 stripes that alternated between red and white, in addition to a blue field covered with 13 stars.

Official Flag Day

While Flag Day was celebrated in various communities for years after President Woodrow Wilson established it in 1916, it was not until August 1949 that President Harry S. Truman signed an Act of Congress that designated June 14th of each year as National Flag Day.

Questionable Origins

While no one knows the exact origin of the first American flag, some historians believed it was designed by Congressman Francis Hopkinson, or sewn by Philadelphia seamstress Betsy Ross.

What the Flag Represents

Today, the flag consists of 13 horizontal stripes: seven red alternating with six white. The stripes represent the original 13 colonies, while the stars represent the 50 states of the union. The colors of the flag are also symbolic: red signifies heartiness and valor, white denotes purity and innocence, and blue represents vigilance, perseverance and justice.

Learn More About U.S. History

The American flag is a huge part of the history of the United States. To learn more about U.S. history, check out