India's Flora and Fauna

The colorful and exotic landscape of this Asian country is home to equally colorful and exotic animal and bird life. From the recognizable Asian Elephant and Bengal Tiger, to the Great One-Horned Rhinoceroses of Kaziranga National Park, and even the national bird the peacock, India’s ecosystem holds a number of surprises that draw in visitors from all across the globe. Its scenery is just as beautiful and diverse, and gives travelers a variety of terrains to check out. In this video, WatchMojo.com learns more about the flora and fauna of India. Footage Courtesy of India Tourism.
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Exotic Landscape


India is a striking country with spectacular landscapes that boasts a number of diverse ecosystems. Within these ecosystems are a variety of native plants and exotic animals that help make the country unique.

Lions and Leopards and Elephants... Oh My!


The bird life found here is colorful and distinct, and includes the peacock as the country’s national bird. India is also home to a number of large and well-recognized animals. Leopards, as well as lions are some members of the indigenous animal population. However, the Asian or Indian elephant is the continent’s biggest animal. Throughout India they are protected by a special conservation project, and their presence helps draw tourists to the country, as well.

Bengal Tiger


Also a protected species, the Bengal Tiger makes its home in India. In fact, the animal is considered one of the country’s national symbols, and can be found both in the wild and in conservation areas.

Great One-Horned Rhinoceros


Kaziranga National Park is a World Heritage Site, and is where the majority of the world’s Great One-Horned Rhinoceroses call home. This park helps keep population numbers up for this threatened species.

Climate and Geography


The country’s geography greatly affects its plant life and weather. In fact, while the country is considered a tropical one, it is home to six types of distinct climates. For the most part, though, India has four distinct seasons, including summer, winter, monsoon and post-monsoon periods.

Desert, Rain Forest, Beaches and Glaciers


In the north of the country, India’s border is lined by the Himalaya Mountain Range. In this area, glaciers can be found. To the west is the Thar Desert, whereas elsewhere in the country lush green rain forests can be found. Coastal regions are hot and humid, where beaches are popular with visitors. Multiple bodies of water and rivers flow through the country, including the famed Ganges which is the longest river originating in the country.

India is also thought to be home to over fifteen thousand species of flowers, making the landscape a colorful one.
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